Between the excess of intensive agriculture and the limit of organic farming, some farmers have opted for the right balance: sustainable agriculture. This pragmatic approach reconciles on its own the financial profitability and respect for the environment.
The pragmatism of an integrated agriculture
Sustainable farming consists of optimizing the economic result while controlling the quantities of inputs used. In this perspective, the farmer applies himself to adapt his cultural practices to the natural cycle of nature. In this way, he incorporates mechanisms of the biological regulation in his technical choices and optimizes meaning to say that he adapts and makes the best of the ecosystem while conforming to its ecosystem. It is a practice adopted in the agricultural projects of Tarek Bouchamaoui.
However, in this approach, the farmer has the possibility to use chemical inputs for his plant and animal production, but in reduced quantities. In this perspective, he must take into account the specificity of the soil, the weather in order to give the quantity that is necessary for the development of his products. This assay must strike a balance between the minimum required for the growth of plants and animals and the maximum acceptable for the integrity of the ecosystem. Custom-made fertilization, choices of species or varieties resistant as much for the culture as for the breeding.
Comparison between intensive agriculture and integrated agriculture
The main objective of intensive or productivist agriculture is to optimize productivity and financial investment. In this case, it imposes no limit in the use of chemical fertilizer and pesticide. Obviously, the yield is at the required level. Nonetheless, the excess in the use of these chemical inputs often causes irreversible damage to the environment and loss of biodiversity. In fact, these products seep into the ground and contaminate the water table. They are also found in the air and affect human health. Furthermore, according to specialists, this practice has its limits in Tunisia.
The limited use of chemical inputs and respect for the ecosystem combine agricultural yield and nature conservation. Thus, it integrates all the technical innovations of the sector to ensure financial profitability. In this context, it takes the same approach as intensive farming. On the other hand, it considerably limits the risks of pollution and its environmental impacts. Better still, it contributes to the protection of the landscape and the biodiversity by preserving the soil by its fertilization processes. This is a method that seduces Tarek Bouchamaoui.
Comparison between organic agriculture and sustainable agriculture
Organic farming consists of adopting a production technique that is distinguished by cultural and farming practices that take into account natural balances and weakness of the ecosystem. Thus, it excludes any use of any synthetic chemical. In this case, it prohibits the use of chemical fertilizer, pesticide, GMO. In this way, it respects human health, nature and animals. The drawback of this option, among other things, is the fragility of the harvest and its low yield which causes the high price of the products.
On the contrary, sustainable agriculture uses a limited quantity of chemical inputs and GMOs. Thus, it ensures the yield. As a result, it is able to satisfy market demand and therefore guarantee a reasonable price. Unlike organic, it respects the health of consumers, animals and the environment. In accordance with fruit and vegetable production, this approach is already applied in Tunisia.